Information About IVF Intro Vitro Fertilization

By Carolyn Fisher

In vitro fertilization refers to a complex series of procedures which are used in the treatment of fertility or genetic problems. The main aim is usually to assist in conception of a child. During the procedure, there is collection of mature eggs from the ovaries, which are then fertilized by sperms in a lab. This is followed by implantation of the fertilized eggs in the uterus. One cycle of IVF intro vitro fertilization takes about two weeks.

This is the most effective procedure when it comes to assisted reproduction. It is done using eggs of a woman and the sperms of their partner, or there is also the option of using eggs and sperms which are retrieved from donors. In some instances, a gestation carrier might be used. This is a women in whose uterus the embryo is implanted and is supposed to take the pregnancy to term.

The possibility of a successful procedure is dependent on various factors. They include age of those involved and what caused the infertility. One should understand that the procedure is time consuming and also very expensive. It is also invasive. It is a possibility that at times there could be implantation of several embryos. This will lead to a pregnancy with more than a single fetus. It is what is commonly called multiple pregnancy.

There are a number of risks that one should expect when considering the procedure. The first is the risk of multiple pregnancies. This is what happens when there is implantation of more than one embryo. With such pregnancies, there will be a higher risk of early labor and also low birth weight then when the pregnancy was with a single fetus. Also, the probability of miscarriage in women that conceive through this procedure will increase. This is especially so for older women.

Babies whose conception is through IVF are more likely to experience birth defects that those conceived through normal means. However, the age of a mother is what majorly contributes to defects, notwithstanding mode of conception. IVF increases the chances. Emotional, financial and physical are things that one should be prepared for.

When choosing where to have the procedure, there is the need to consider their success rate. The rate of success will depend on methods used by the clinic and how many people they are treating at any given time. The charges of the services should be confirmed too. Before the cycle starts, there are some screenings that one undergoes. Ovarian reserve testing is one of them and involves determining quality and quantity of eggs. There will also be semen analysis.

For the actual procedure, there are a number of steps involved. They are ovulation induction, retrieving eggs, retrieving sperms, facilitating fertilization and embryo transfer which is the last procedure. A number of cycles are required, with each taking two weeks or so.

There are instances where IVF is cancelled. This happens for a number of reasons. For once there could be an inadequate number of follicles developing. The other reasons are premature ovulation and medical conditions that make the process unsuitable.

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